Monday, September 12, 2016

Michigan in the War (link)

Michigan in the War (Michigan GenWeb)

Similar/Related site:

Annual Report (Adj. General), State of Michigan, 1864 (link)

Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Michigan for the Year 1864

Source (link)

Annual Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Michigan for the Year 1864

Callaway Campbell letters in Charles Campbell Papers, Swem Library, College of William and Mary (link)

Source for Callaway Campbell letters...

Swem Library, College of William and Mary (website)

has catalog information on source, Charles Campbell Papers

The Military Records of Michigan by the D.A.R., 1920 (link)

The Military Records of Michigan (source)

The Military Records of Michigan
D.A.R., 1920;view=2up;seq=4

Friday, September 9, 2016

A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion (link to Michigan Cavalry)

A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion
by Frederick H. Dyer
Second Michigan Cavalry, page 1269
Michigan Volunteers: Second Regiment Cavalry

Digitizing Sponsor: Emory University.
Des Moines: The Dyer Publishing Company, 1908

Wednesday, September 7, 2016

Old Federal Road

Google Maps has a map of the Old Federal Road

Old Federal Road (Google Map)

North Georgia website has a similar map. I came across it long before I did the other one:

Old Federal Road Route (

The site below shows a fork in the Old Federal Road, which helps explain things. The description of the Federal Road as it relates to Murray County, Georgia, had been a bit confusing...

Landmarks on the Old Federal Road

Quote from Tennessee County History Series: Bradley County:
"To the early citizens of the county, roads were of vital impor-
tance. A map of 1838 indicates that the major roads were Ala-
bama, New Town, and Georgia, with all three roads leading
from Charleston southward. Old Federal Road, constructed in
1805 in nearby Polk County, was important to the citizens of
Bradley County also. Old Copper Road, leading from the Cop-
per Basin to Cleveland, was completed around 1853 and served
as a route through which a stream of wagons loaded with copper
ingots and bars poured to the railroad at Cleveland..."

Tennessee County History Series: Bradley County (text, w/link to eBook)
Tennessee county history series : Bradley County / by Roy G. Lillard ; Joy Bailey Dunn, editor, Charles W. Crawford, associate editor

by Lillard, Roy G.; Dunn, Joy Bailey; Crawford, Charles Wann, 1931-


Old Federal Road in Official Records (August 1864)

Old Federal Road

Official Records, Series 1, Volume 38, Part 5 (Correspondence, Etc.), 646

Dalton, August 23, 1864.
Major-General Steedman:
I sent out one company yesterday morning eastward to Holly Creek, beyond Spring Place, and another through Ship's Gap to Summerville via Broomtown Valley; the last will not return till to-night. The first company returned last evening, and report a body of 500 rebel cavalry lying on the Westfield turnpike at the foot of the Cohutta Mountain, about twenty miles from here on the road to Ellijay. They are apparently holding that gap for the protection of couriers or other communications between Wheeler and Atlanta. They came there on Sunday from the diretion [sic] of Columbus, having been sent to learn the old Federal road in the neighborhood of Cohutta Springs on Saturday evening, and to proceed in the direction of Ellijay. This body has two companies guarding the ford of Hold's Creek. I do not think they intend to harass the railroad but merely to hold that gap.
Wm. J. Palmer,
Colonel, Commanding Fifteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry.


Headquarters District of the Etowah,
Chattanooga, August 23, 1864.
Col. L. D. Watkins,
      Calhoun, Ga.:

   Send all your mounted force effective for a march by way of Spring Place and Cohutta Springs toward Savannah, on the Hiwassee River. Colonel Palmer sends a detachment from Dalton by way of Spring Place to Columbus; try to communicate with him. He reports 500 rebel cavalry at the foot of Cohutta Mountain on Westfield road, evidently keeping open communication between Wheeler and Atlanta. Try to break up the line and move on same route to the Hiwassee and co-operate with Colonel Palmer.
J. B. Steedman,

Title: The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, Ser. 1, Vol. 38, Part 5
Compiled by: Calvin Duvall Cowles
Contributors: United States. War Records Office, United States. Record and Pension Office, United States. Congress. House
Publisher: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1891

Historic Columbus, Tennessee (defunct town); thoughts about its location

Early in February 1864, Federal troops began to set up camp at some little towns north of Cleveland, Tennessee: Calhoun, Charleston, and Columbus, Tennessee. Calhoun and Charleston were separated by a railroad bridge across the Hiwassee River.

Columbus, a little town in Polk County, Tennessee, is no longer extant. It was once a Cherokee trading town. In winter and early spring of 1864 (from about February), it served as a camp for some Union troops, including the Fourth Indiana Cavalry (Major G.H. Purdy, commanding). Ref.: O.R., Ser. 1, Vol. 32, Pt. 3, 240 (Letter from Maj. G.H. Purdy, HQ at Columbus, Tenn., enclosed in letter from Waterman to Wagner). 

Columbus, Tennessee (Google Map, coordinates from Roadside Thoughts)
Latitude and Longitude: 35.2262 -84.6222

Source for GPS coordinates:

But, here is my own calculation of where it would be located on today's Google satellite map, as compared to the 1865 map below it (keeping in mind that the old maps were sometimes pretty vague and could be off). My placement of it is well west of the one designated by coordinates, above, from Roadside Thoughts. Judging by the old map and by the description given on the Polk County Cemeteries page of TNGenWeb, it is about four miles north of Benton. I place it at the intersection of Athens Road and Dentville Road, northwest of the bend in the river. Columbus Road, a throwback to the historic placename, starts in the middle of nowhere on Bowater Road and runs south almost to the Hiwassee River. Then it runs in a curving path, more-or-less parallel to the river, until it intersects Dentville Road. Columbus Road ends there.

Columbus, Tennessee (historic, non-extant town; location estimated by Southern Muse):

based on the map below, drafted 1863-1864 and published 1865:
Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division: Mountain
Region of NC and Tenn (dtl, Columbus, Tenn. area)

"Polk County, Tennessee Cemeteries" on Tennessee GenWeb website places Columbus Cemetery four miles north of Benton, Tennessee. Presumably the cemetery would be in the town itself.

Find A Grave has a cemetery for Columbus, Tennessee, but has no GPS coordinates for it.

Nicholson, W. L, A Lindenkohl, H Lindenkohl, Charles G Krebs, and United States Coast Survey. Mountain region of North Carolina and Tennessee. [S.l., U.S. Coast Survey, A. D. Bache, Supt, 1865] Map. Retrieved from the Library of Congress, (Accessed July 04, 2016.)

Tuesday, September 6, 2016

April 2, 1864 and later - A.P. Campbell correspondence (near Blue Springs and Cleveland, Tennessee)

April 2, 1864

Correspondence from A.P. Campbell to various officers. Scouts had observed about 2000 rebels eight miles east of Cleveland, Tennessee. Union officers expect some kind of skirmish or movement, and are trying to find out what Confederate troops are on the move, and for what purpose. I think it turns out to be a reconn. Several roads are mentioned, among them, Benton road, and Dalton and Charleston road.

Official Records, Series 1, Vol. 32, Part 3 (Correspondence), 224.
Campbell Correspondence, April 2, 1864

April 3, 1864, and later...

Official Records, Series 1, Vol. 32, Part 3 (Correspondence), 240.

For another day or so, Union scouts continued to watch Confederate detachments as they moved in the vicinity of Cleveland, Tennessee. Federal officers particularly feared that Longstreet was sending troops to support Johnston at Dalton, Georgia, which wasn't true. Some of the correspondence around this date mentions that speculation. In one letter from General Thomas, he mentions that the movement of April 2 was just a Rebel reconnaissance movement.

Wheeler and Roddey Raid, October 1863

The Wheeler and Roddey Raid began October 2, 1863, during the siege of Chattanooga. The Union had a long wagon train of supplies coming down Walden's Ridge in the Sequatchie Valley (Tennessee) when it was attacked by Confederates at Anderson's Crossroads. There is some evidence that the Confederates had not been watching and waiting for the supply line, but had come across it by accident while on another reconnaissance mission.

Confederate orders were to take no provisions (they couldn't carry them). However, the rebels were in almost the same starved condition as the besieged at Chattanooga. Also, cavalry is notoriously disorganized and rowdy. The men plundered the wagons, including the whiskey wagon, before burning the supply train. They killed thousands of mules and took a few of the best ones. They also took prisoners, mostly wagon masters.

As often happens, the Union officers underestimated their losses, while the Confederate officers may have overestimated their gains, so it's difficult to say exactly how many mules were killed and how many captured. The Federal cavalry (including the Second Michigan Cavalry) chased Wheeler from the Sequatchie Valley, down to Alabama, and back up through Tennessee toward the Knoxville area, finally catching him and recapturing the mules.

Various reports (via Google Books at


October 1863 Report by Robert Mitchell, Chief of Cavalry
including the Wheeler and Roddey Raid

Official Records, Volume 30, Part 2 (Reports), page 663

The above page begins the Wheeler and Roddey Raid section, with a summary and the first of thirty reports on the raid, including:
No. 3.
Report of Brig. Gen. Robert B. Mitchell, U. S. Army, Chief of Cavalry.
Headquarters Chief of Cavalry, Department of the Cumberland,
Decherd, Tenn., October 20, 1863.
No. 4.
Report of Col. Edward M. McCook, Second Indiana Cavalry, commanding First Cavalry Division.
Hdqrs. First Cav. Div., Dept. of the Cumberland,
Winchester, Tenn., October 23, 1863.
Note: McCook's report places the 2nd Michigan (part of the First Brigade) at Eyler's and Rankin's Ferries. The rest of the First Brigade was at Caperton's Ferry. The Second East Tennessee (part of the Second Brigade) was guarding fords and ferries around Jasper. He mentions placement of other units in these brigades as well.
No. 5.
Report of Col. Archibald P. Campbell, Fourth Michigan Cavalry, commanding First Brigade.
Hdqrs. First Brigade, First Cav. Div., Winchester, Tenn., November 1, 1863.
No. 28
Report of Maj. Gen. Joseph Wheeler, C. S. Army, commanding Cavalry Corps, Army of Tennessee.
Headquarters Cavalry Corps, October 30, 1863.
Does Roddey's report for October even mention the raid? I found nothing useful in it.
No. 30.
Report of Brig. Gen. Philip D. Roddey, C. S. Army, commanding Cavalry Brigade.
Headquarters, Rogersville, Ala., October 21, 1868.


Tennessee Sourcebook (with references to O.R.)
including page 13, Ed McCook's rebuttal to Confederate accusations, in which he states that Confederates plundered the train of whiskey and robbed Federals and civilians whom they had taken as prisoners.

I hope to add more sources and links.

David Sloane Stanley - quick link to section on 1st Battalion, 22nd Infantry website

David Sloane Stanley (page)
1st Battalion, 22nd Infantry (site)

This page has his history and the doc. image of an old biographical sketch on him.

Note: it says the 22nd Infantry appeared after the Civil War, not during it.

Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook - links and thoughts on citing it...

Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook is a browsable and searchable resource authored by the Tennessee Historical Commission (edited by James B. Jones, Jr.). It is hosted in browsable format (downloadable PDFs, chapter by chapter) from the Cumberland County Archives and Family History Center of Art Circle Public Library's website, ; and in searchable format at the Tennessee State Library and Archives (TSLA) website. Here are the links:

Links to two publishers: 

Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook (browsable), Art Circle Public Library

Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook (database), Tennessee State Library and Archives



Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook

Title: Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook
Author: Tennessee Historical Commission
Editor: James B. Jones, Jr.

Publisher (1) (searchable database): Tennessee State Library and Archives

Publisher (2) (browsable by month/historical era): Art Circle Public Library (website) of Art Circle Public Library, in Tennessee.

Location of Tennessee Historical Commission: Nashville, Tennessee.

Location of Art Circle Public Library: Cumberland County, Tennessee.

Note: each chapter of the Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook starts over at page 1.


Tennessee Historical Commission (edited by James B. Jones, Jr.). “April 5, 1864: Loyal East Tennessee Unionists to be given surplus U. S. Army draft animals for farm work, excerpt from Special Orders No. 96” (pgs. 14-15 of 128 in April 1864) in Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook. Cumberland County Archives and Family Heritage Center, Art Circle Public Library. http://www‌‌Reference/civilwar/1864-04.pdf .


Above, I've given a biblio entry for one section in one chapter of the source: "(April 5, 1864: Loyal East Tennessee Unionists to be given surplus U.S. Army draft animals for farm work, excerpt from Special Orders No. 96)" from the browsable PDF version of this source (downloaded from Art Circle Public Library website). I could probably shorten that section title This is my attempt at a bibliography entry in Chicago Style. (APA and MLA would be different):

I've changed it half a dozen times and still don't know if I'm right. I sometimes include extra info, hoping that if someone really needs to do a look-up from my citation and the URL doesn't work, they might still be able to find my source. Above, I've put both the title of the source (Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook) and the website (Art Circle Public Library) in italic font; I'm not sure if I should. For examples, I looked at "books published online," "chapter in a book," "published thesis," and "electronic database." This has elements of all those things.

Originally, I came across one chapter of this source in a Google search. At that time, it was served up by Tennessee Civil War Sourcebook website. The site probably went over its server limits, because it no longer publishes this source. Next I found the source at Tennessee State Library and Archives (TSLA) in its browsable form. Later, it disappeared, but I found bits of it in searches. The new bits had the address of ArtCircleLibrary, but they really came up out of context, as single chapters, delivered as PDF downloads. It was kind of hard to back-track, but I browsed the library website and finally found the book. It was filed under Cumberland County Archives and Family Heritage Center. There, I found the name of the editor. The "book" doesn't have a title page, per se (that I could find), so I don't have a publication date. I didn't use a location, since it's not formally listed on a title page, but the Tennessee Historical Commission is Nashville based, if needed.

The page numbers start over at page 1 for each chapter; and, since the URL links to the whole chapter, not the specific page, I thought it wise to include page numbers and indicate that they are "of" so many pages in the chapter "(pgs. 14-15 of 128 in April 1864)." In my corresponding citation, I might also indicate the author's source "(citing O.R.)," but that may be superfluous. Actually, for this reference, I'd do my best to find the original text in O.R. and cite that, instead. But this same source also has some nice tidbits that aren't easy to find elsewhere, such as extracts from Civil War era newspapers and diaries. As best I can thresh out the many examples I've found, I should include the editor when there is both an author and editor. The newest version of Chicago Style says I should spell out "edited by" (verb form of editor) but may use "ed." if putting it after an editor's name (noun form of "editor"). They didn't say why or which one to choose, but my hunch was, in putting it after the author, I should say "edited by." Many of the examples I've found out there use abbreviations and standards that are now outdated, according to the newest style manual--so it's hard to pick and choose examples.

Monday, September 5, 2016

McLemore's Cove

Union troops camped in McLemore's Cove (or McLemore Cove) in Walker County, Georgia, in September, 1863, during the crossing of Lookout Mountain.

This post will be updated to show more information about McLemore's Cove. For now, this is just a link to a 56-page PDF description that was entered in the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.

Quick link for now, to McLemore Cove Historic District (Register of Historic Places):

McLemore Cove Historic District (documentation)

In/Near: Kensington, Walker County, Georgia.

Saturday, September 3, 2016

Captain Gladden LaFavor Farwell, Company D, 28th Illinois Infantry

Obituary Extract and Military References on Captain Gladden LaFavor Farwell, Co. D, 28th Illinois Infantry

Subject: Captain Gladden LaFavor Farwell

Captain Gladden LaFavor Farwell was the son of John and Abigail (Howland) Farwell, of New England. The couple is said to have married in Barre, Washington, Vermont, in 1807, and this is thought to be G.L. Farwell's birth place. When Farwell was young, his father died (the obituary says aged five; mathematics says aged three and a half, or else he was born earlier than the stated 1818).

His mother moved to St. Charles, Missouri (before or after her husband's death is not stated). There, she married Benjamin Walker, a brickmaker, on 22 January 1822. Census shows that Benjamin Walker was born in Kentucky, though the birth places of all these individuals varies a bit in census.

Gladden L. Farwell married Mary Winfry Cheatham in July 1845, in Macomb, MacDonald, Illinois. The date is either the 14th or the 24th.

Extract of the Obituary of Capt. G.L. Farwell (as published on Find A Grave Memorial no. 114097624.

Note: This obituary, as published, is (apparently) the image of a typewritten transcript of an obituary that was reportedly published in the Macomb Journal. The typed page, as published on Find A Grave, looks like a genealogist's transcript of an obituary that was in the Journal. For instance, in the middle of the obituary transcript, it has a note regarding information found in the following day's paper (which would not be in the Feb. 3 obituary--it is the researcher's note). There is no reason to disbelieve the transcript, I'm just qualifying the source.


Heading: Thursday, 3 February 1898

Quote: "Capt. G.L. Farwell died yesterday at his residence, 212 West Jackson Street, aged 79 years, last August 30th."

Name: Gladden LaFavor Farwell
Born: 30 August 1818, St. Charles, Missouri Territory (before Missouri was admitted to Union).
Funeral "tomorrow."
Burial: (from Feb. 4th issue) Oakwood Cemetery.

Parents: John and Abigail (Howland) Farwell (of New England).
"The Father of the deceased child died when he was 5 years old and his mother then married Benjamin Walker, a brickmaker, at St. Charles."

[NOTE (calculating dates from info): slight discrepancy on birth or marriage date].

Moved: (at age 15) to St. Louis; stayed "a year or 2 and then came to Quincy, Illinois."
Moved: 1842, to Macomb [McDonough Co., Illinois]
Occupation: Brickmaking.
Married: Mary W. Cheatham, 24 July 1845 "who at that time was living with her sister, Mrs. Charles Chandler."

Offspring: 7 children (4 sons, 3 daughters). 5 of 7 died in infancy.

Quote: "John S. [son] died a few years after the close of the war, during his graduating year at West Point."

Moved: 1849, to California (stayed several years; returned to Illinois).
Wife died: Mrs. Farwell: died 3 June 1893.
Survivor: One  daughter, Miss Winfrey.

Quote: "Capt. Farwell was in the militia that assisted in driving the Mormons from Nauvoo." [Note: see refs. below].

Other Military Service: (Civil War) Captain, Company D, 28th Illinois Infantry, Civil War, USA.


Burial: (undated) Oakwood Cemetery, Macomb, McDonough County, Illinois, United States. Find A Grave Memorial no. 114097624.

Ref.: Macomb Journal (newspaper, est. 1851), Macomb, McDonough, Illinois. See also: "Genealogical Sources available in Macomb." (accessed Sept. 3, 2016).

Ref.: Regimental History of the 28th Illinois Infantry:

Ref.: Regimental Roster, Co. D, 28th Illinois Infantry:

Ref.: Gladden L. Farwell, listed as Captain of Co. D, 28th Infantry, in Report of the adjutant general of the state of Illinois, Vol. 2: Company D, Twenty-Eighth Infantry (under) Captains: Gladden L. Farwell. Res.: Macomb. Date of rank or enlistment: Aug. 27, 1861. Date of Muster: Aug. 28, 1861. Remarks: Mustered out 1864.
Citation: J. N. Reece (ed., revisions), Adjutant General, State of Illinois, "Company D, Twenty-Eighth Infantry" (pg. 425) in |Report of the adjutant general of the state of Illinois, Vol. 2 (1861-1866)| (book), (Springfield: Phillips Bros., State Printers, 1900) pg. 425. (accessed Sept. 3, 2016).
US Census References using indexes and images:

1860, Macomb 1st Ward: McDonough, Illinois, pg. 162, dwelling no. 1136, family no. 1138: G L Farwell, 41, male, white. Birth Year (est.): 1819. Birthplace: Missouri (Mo). Occupation: Constable. Value of real estate, 1000. Value of personal estate, 300. Also in the household: Mary, 31, born in Kentucky ("Ky"); and John, 13, born in Illinois ("Ill").

1870, Macomb, Ward 1: McDonough, Illinois, pg. 7, dwelling no. 50, family no. 50: G L Farwell, 52, male, white. Birth Year (est.): 1817-1818. Birthplace: Missouri. Occupation: City Constable. Value of real estate: 2000. Value of personal estate: 2000. Also in the household: Mary W Farwell, 42, born in Kentucky.

1880, Macomb, McDonough, Illinois: pg. 454, sheet B, dwelling no. 138, family no. 149: Gladden L Farwell, 62, male, white, married. Birth Year (est.): 1818. Birthplace: Missouri (Mo). Father's Birthplace: Mass. Mother's Birthplace: R I. Occupation: County Constable. Also in the household: Mary W Farwell, W, F, 52, Wife, born in Kentucky (both parents b. Va); and Winfry, W, F, 9, Daughter, born in Ills.


Nauvoo, Illinois, and the Mormon Wars

(1) Wikipedia: 1838 Mormon War

(2) Wikipedia: "Illinois Mormon War" (section) in "History of Nauvoo, Illinois"

Note: Farwell's biography was also published on my North Georgia Kin blog.