Thursday, December 20, 2018

Sacks of Wheat Marked C.S.A.

Civil War, Minor Event in Murray County
Georgia, March 1864 (Just for Reference)

Murray County, Georgia, mid-March 1864
Callaway's Mill: U.S. troops find sacks of wheat marked "C.S.A." They considered burning the wheat--not sure if they followed through.

Callaway's Mill, Sacks of Wheat
O.R. I, Vol. 32, Pt. 3, page 101

Nearby areas: Conasauga River. Waterhouse's house, 4 miles from Callaway's Mill. Related correspondence is on the preceding page and perhaps subsequent pages.

Located in a rural area of Crandall, Georgia (modern postal route), just west of modern-day GA Hwy. 225, east of the segment of GA Hwy. 2 that runs to Beaverdale community, and on toward the town of Varnell. Local roads in area: Sugar Creek Road, Weber Road, Carlton Petty Road, Colvard Road, Halls Chapel Road (where it intersects Hwy. 225). For example: Colvard Road, Crandall, GA, is one I often use to get my bearings; then view the fields west of there. There were several old mills in the area, and they are long gone, so I can't get more specific than that right now. Besides, most of these sites are on private property.

Research Notes for Reference
(not specified in the linked source):

Cohutta Springs, as a town, is no longer extant. Cohutta Springs, as a place name, designated several different sites, including the area where these old mills were located.

Nearby Modern Cities and Towns, Creeks:

Cleveland, Bradley Co., Tennessee (11-15 miles north; Cleveland was extant in C.W. times. U.S. Army occupied it from about Dec. 1863 to May 1864, then marched out to fight at Dalton, Resaca, etcetera); site of some demonstrations and skirmishes.

Red Clay Station (or) Red Clay, Georgia (Tennessee border,  well northwest). Occupied by U.S. troops, late 1863 to at least 1864.

Varnell's Station (or) Varnell, Georgia (well west of area); some skirmishes; part of area of battles for Daltin, GA.

Tunnell Hill, Georgia (well northwest); site of several battles and skirmishes, related to Battles for Dalto, GA.

Dalton, Georgia (well west). Confederate Army headquartered there, late 1863 to May 1864. Later occupied by Federal Troops. Had battles and skirmishes.

Spring Place, Georgia (few miles south; is in Murray County). Occupied by Confederates in 1863 and 1864. Some skirmishing, guerrilla activity, 1864 to 1865. Cite of Chief Vann House, now part of the Georgia State Park system.

Some Modern References:

Cisco, Murray Co., Georgia, unincorporated town (northeast of mill area; appears on some old maps, but usually not referenced in old documents).

Chatsworth, Murray Co., Georgia; (few miles south of area: but the postal area of Chatsworth now encompasses a very large portion of Murray County, overlapping other "town" and GPS areas, such as Eton).

Crandall, Murray Co., Georgia. For locating certain sites by GPS, this place name encompasses an area all the way from GA Hwy. 225 to U.S. Hwy. 411 and a bit further east. The town of Crandall (such as it is/was) was just east of U.S. Hwy. 411. Crandall's Post Office, near the old historic mineral spring, is currently located on U.S. Hwy. 411, due south of Ocoee, Tennessee. Crandall Post Office is five miles east of the Civil War places in the above-cited O.R. I, Vol. 32, Pt. 3 (such as Callaway's Mill and Waterhouse's); nevertheless, the roads there will come up in GPS as "Crandall" addresses.

Monday, December 17, 2018

Report of Major General Thomas in Senate Documents (1864 - 1865)

Report of Major General Thomasin Senate Documents, Volume 209, page 364

(Part IV Begins, and Thomas's Report Begins)

Report is dated January 20, 1865, Eastport, Mississippi,
and covers September 7, 1864, to January 20, 1865.

Report of Major General Thomas (Link)

Reference to a Road Parallel to Federal Road. Mention of Waterhouse's Mill, Spring Place, and More. 1864

Official Records
Series 1, Volume 32, Part 3, page 342

April 13, 1864, Cleveland, Tennessee

Correspondence from Col. O. H. LaGrange to Capt. Robert Le Roy

Official Records
Series 1, Volume 32, Part 3, page 342

Note: This appears on the same page with correspondence about the captured rebel engineer, F.R.R. Smith: Short URL:

This letter references U.S. movement from Cleveland, Tennessee, into Murray County, Georgia, on April 13, 1864, referencing "the order to strike the Spring Place road." It mentions a road parallel to the Federal Road.

Officers and Units mentioned: 

Second Brigade (U.S.)

General Wheeler (Confederate)

Place names mentioned: 

Benton road
Cleveland, Tennessee
Spring Place road
Federal road
Road parallel to Federal road
King's Bridge
Connesauga River at Waterhouse's Mill
Barrett's Mills (26 miles from Cleveland)

Place names concluded or relevant, but not mentioned: 

Benton, Tennessee (nearby town, road to/from that town)
Bradley County, Georgia
Polk County, Tennessee
Murray County, Georgia
Tennga, Georgia (nearby town)
Cisco, Georgia (nearby town)
Cohutta Springs P.O. (nearby community and P.O.)
Crandall, Georgia (modern-day community/town reference)

Thursday, December 13, 2018

Link to Article about Civil War Actions Around Chattanooga

Chuck Hamilton's article in The Chattanoogan describes actions in and around Chattanooga during the Civil War, and lists the dates. It includes Dalton, Tunnel Hill, and Resaca, Georgia, Cleveland, Tennessee, and other locales.


Wednesday, December 5, 2018

Demonstration on Dalton, Georgia, Feb. 22-27, 1864: Link to Source Material in O.R.

Demonstrations on Dalton, Georgia

Link to source material.

This is only a link to some of the source material in Official Records. The section, "Feb. 22-27, 1864: Demonstration on Dalton, Georgia, starts on page 417 of Series 1, Volume 32, Part 1 (Chapter 44). 

Footnotes for that report also reference these pages in the same volume: 

Pages 9-11, General Thomas's report:

Itinerary of the Dept. of the Cumberland, page 23

Itinerary of the Dept. of the Cumberland, page 30

Itinerary of the Dept. of the Cumberland, page 37
(Minty mentions Buzzard Roost; prev. piece mentions Calhoun, Tenn., as headquarters of the Second Brigade)

Itinerary of the Dept. of the Cumberland, page 38
Link to Itinerary of the Dept. of the Cumberland, page 38
(Rf.: Col. Eli Long, Col. Edward M. McCook, Gen. Elliott. Mentions hdqrs. at Calhoun, Tenn.)

More on Dalton...


Links to all three parts in this volume:

War of the Rebellion series ("Official Records"), Volume 32

Volume 32, Chapter 44.
Operations in Kentucky, Southwest Virginia, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, and North Georgia. January 1-April 30, 1864.

Part 1. Reports. Page 1-703.
Part 2. Union and Confederate Correspondence, etc., Page 1-833.
Part 3. Union and Confederate Correspondence, etc., Page 1-879.

Official Records, Series 1, Volume 32, Part 1 (Reports).

Official Records, Series 1, Volume 32, Part 2 (Correspondence, etc.).

Official Records, Series 1, Volume 32, Part 3 (Correspondence, etc.).

Volume XXXII, Chapter XLIV. Courtesy of Texas University

Monday, November 26, 2018

McDougall Map, with Regional Civil War Places, Limited; Rocky Face, Georgia (Maps)

McDougall Map

This is a Google Map marked with places I've researched or looked at, mostly related to the McDougall research for my Civil War project. Google being what it is, I can't be sure how well the map will display or whether it will update as I add place markers. If not--this link was created on November 26, 2018. If some places seem unrelated to Civil War history, they're probably just my personal markers for places that help me get oriented to a certain neighborhood or region when I'm trying to get my bearings on the location.

McDougall Map in My Maps by Google

One marker I added today when I updated the map is for the George W. Disney hiking trail in Rocky Face, Georgia. Private George W. Disney, of Company K, 4th Kentucky Infantry (Orphan Brigade), Confederate, was killed during the First Battle of Dalton at Mill Creek Gap of the Rocky Face Ridge on 25 Feb. 1864. His infantry unit had been placed in a line along the ridge, acting as a "live telegraph wire" to carry messages between officers or to signal officers about the movement of Union troops in the valley below. A historic marker says that he was killed by a stray bullet, but the date shows that his death occurred during the little-known battle of that date (or demonstration, as the Federals call it). The marker is located at the park area of the State Patrol Office beneath the trail on the main road (Highway 41/Chattanooga Road, Rocky Face, Georgia).

Related George Disney Trail (blog), Find A Grave Memorial, and Historic Marker:

Blog about the George Disney Trail

George Disney Find A Grave Memorial

George Disney Grave: Historic Marker

Nearby Sites and Markers, Civil War Related:

Georgia Historic Markers in Whitfield County, Georgia

Battle of Dug Gap (Site: Historic Marker with View and Coordinates)

Battle of Rocky Face Ridge, May 1864

Topographic Map of Rocky Face, Georgia
Link to Topographic Map

Topographic Map of Sumac Ridge in Murray County
Link to Topographic Map

Wednesday, March 14, 2018

Link to Blog: Civil War Gazette

Link to Blog:

Civil War Gazette
What Happened in the Civil War Today?

Scouts and Spies - Signal Corps - Signal Key Discovered

Federals learned the key in use by Confederate Signal Corps (1864). Confederates are aware of this fact by 19 April 1864: (OR Series 1, Vol.  32, Part 3, Correspondence, etc., page 795:

19 April 1864.
B. R. Johnson, Brig. Gen., Cmdg. Dept., at Bristol, Tenn., to General Johnston at Dalton, Georgia.

"...the Federals have the key to the signal in use in the Confederate signal corps. The key was obtained from a deserter."

Link to Correspondence about Confederate Signal Key

Such a fact is referenced "somewhere" by the Federals, who admitted that the scout who learned the key had foolishly let it out among the ranks, thus losing an important advantage; however, I can't put my hands on that source right now. I can't remember if it was in O.R. or Hurlburt, or both.