Monday, June 24, 2019

Bandy Heritage Center for Northwest Georgia: Atlanta Campaign Driving Tour, Tunnel Hill to Resaca (link)

Link to the Bandy Heritage Center for Northwest Georgia's Atlanta Campaign Driving Tour: Tunnel Hill to Resaca in PDF format.

Atlanta Campaign Driving Tour: Tunnel Hill to Resaca

Original Long URL:

Tuesday, February 19, 2019

Slight Changes in Our Profile

Muse's Civil War came about as a kind of offshoot of Southern Muse, a virtual identity we have used for about two decades. We would have liked to build it as part of (our own domain), but this proved difficult. So, we built it on Blogger. We recently moved our other domain to Google. We can't easily move all the content of this blog to that domain, but we can connect them by authorship. Our posts may now show "Southern Muse" or "The Muse Herself," depending on whether we are working in Blogger or G Suites for the day. Since this blog is mainly an informative blog instead of an expressive blog, it shouldn't make much difference in the blog itself. We hope the change is fairly seamless. We do not expect any interruptions in service.

Monday, February 18, 2019

Augustus Yenner Diary, Civil War, University of Michigan (Link)

Link to

Diary of Augustus L. Yenner

This is a wonderful Civil War Diary--it's like strange modern poetry!

He was with the Union army as it came through Ringgold, crossed Conasauga "Creek," and other places relevant to my research.

Augustus L. Yenner Diary
in the United States Civil War Collection
Bentley Library
University of Michigan

Long URL:;cc=civilwar1;q1=REG%3DConasauga%20Creek%20%20Tenn.;rgn=div1;view=toc;idno=USCW002.0001.001;node=USCW002.0001.001%3A323

Thursday, December 20, 2018

Sacks of Wheat Marked C.S.A.

Civil War, Minor Event in Murray County
Georgia, March 1864 (Just for Reference)

Murray County, Georgia, mid-March 1864
Callaway's Mill: U.S. troops find sacks of wheat marked "C.S.A." They considered burning the wheat--not sure if they followed through.

Callaway's Mill, Sacks of Wheat
O.R. I, Vol. 32, Pt. 3, page 101

Nearby areas: Conasauga River. Waterhouse's house, 4 miles from Callaway's Mill. Related correspondence is on the preceding page and perhaps subsequent pages.

Located in a rural area of Crandall, Georgia (modern postal route), just west of modern-day GA Hwy. 225, east of the segment of GA Hwy. 2 that runs to Beaverdale community, and on toward the town of Varnell. Local roads in area: Sugar Creek Road, Weber Road, Carlton Petty Road, Colvard Road, Halls Chapel Road (where it intersects Hwy. 225). For example: Colvard Road, Crandall, GA, is one I often use to get my bearings; then view the fields west of there. There were several old mills in the area, and they are long gone, so I can't get more specific than that right now. Besides, most of these sites are on private property.

Research Notes for Reference
(not specified in the linked source):

Cohutta Springs, as a town, is no longer extant. Cohutta Springs, as a place name, designated several different sites, including the area where these old mills were located.

Nearby Modern Cities and Towns, Creeks:

Cleveland, Bradley Co., Tennessee (11-15 miles north; Cleveland was extant in C.W. times. U.S. Army occupied it from about Dec. 1863 to May 1864, then marched out to fight at Dalton, Resaca, etcetera); site of some demonstrations and skirmishes.

Red Clay Station (or) Red Clay, Georgia (Tennessee border,  well northwest). Occupied by U.S. troops, late 1863 to at least 1864.

Varnell's Station (or) Varnell, Georgia (well west of area); some skirmishes; part of area of battles for Daltin, GA.

Tunnell Hill, Georgia (well northwest); site of several battles and skirmishes, related to Battles for Dalto, GA.

Dalton, Georgia (well west). Confederate Army headquartered there, late 1863 to May 1864. Later occupied by Federal Troops. Had battles and skirmishes.

Spring Place, Georgia (few miles south; is in Murray County). Occupied by Confederates in 1863 and 1864. Some skirmishing, guerrilla activity, 1864 to 1865. Cite of Chief Vann House, now part of the Georgia State Park system.

Some Modern References:

Cisco, Murray Co., Georgia, unincorporated town (northeast of mill area; appears on some old maps, but usually not referenced in old documents).

Chatsworth, Murray Co., Georgia; (few miles south of area: but the postal area of Chatsworth now encompasses a very large portion of Murray County, overlapping other "town" and GPS areas, such as Eton).

Crandall, Murray Co., Georgia. For locating certain sites by GPS, this place name encompasses an area all the way from GA Hwy. 225 to U.S. Hwy. 411 and a bit further east. The town of Crandall (such as it is/was) was just east of U.S. Hwy. 411. Crandall's Post Office, near the old historic mineral spring, is currently located on U.S. Hwy. 411, due south of Ocoee, Tennessee. Crandall Post Office is five miles east of the Civil War places in the above-cited O.R. I, Vol. 32, Pt. 3 (such as Callaway's Mill and Waterhouse's); nevertheless, the roads there will come up in GPS as "Crandall" addresses.

Monday, December 17, 2018

Report of Major General Thomas in Senate Documents (1864 - 1865)

Report of Major General Thomasin Senate Documents, Volume 209, page 364

(Part IV Begins, and Thomas's Report Begins)

Report is dated January 20, 1865, Eastport, Mississippi,
and covers September 7, 1864, to January 20, 1865.

Report of Major General Thomas (Link)

Reference to a Road Parallel to Federal Road. Mention of Waterhouse's Mill, Spring Place, and More. 1864

Official Records
Series 1, Volume 32, Part 3, page 342

April 13, 1864, Cleveland, Tennessee

Correspondence from Col. O. H. LaGrange to Capt. Robert Le Roy

Official Records
Series 1, Volume 32, Part 3, page 342

Note: This appears on the same page with correspondence about the captured rebel engineer, F.R.R. Smith: Short URL:

This letter references U.S. movement from Cleveland, Tennessee, into Murray County, Georgia, on April 13, 1864, referencing "the order to strike the Spring Place road." It mentions a road parallel to the Federal Road.

Officers and Units mentioned: 

Second Brigade (U.S.)

General Wheeler (Confederate)

Place names mentioned: 

Benton road
Cleveland, Tennessee
Spring Place road
Federal road
Road parallel to Federal road
King's Bridge
Connesauga River at Waterhouse's Mill
Barrett's Mills (26 miles from Cleveland)

Place names concluded or relevant, but not mentioned: 

Benton, Tennessee (nearby town, road to/from that town)
Bradley County, Georgia
Polk County, Tennessee
Murray County, Georgia
Tennga, Georgia (nearby town)
Cisco, Georgia (nearby town)
Cohutta Springs P.O. (nearby community and P.O.)
Crandall, Georgia (modern-day community/town reference)

Thursday, December 13, 2018

Link to Article about Civil War Actions Around Chattanooga

Chuck Hamilton's article in The Chattanoogan describes actions in and around Chattanooga during the Civil War, and lists the dates. It includes Dalton, Tunnel Hill, and Resaca, Georgia, Cleveland, Tennessee, and other locales.